In Search of the Sublime — A Journey through Western Japan

The next World Masters Games, which will feature road cycling events in Men’s and Women’s age groups ranging from 30+ to 95+, will be held in Kansai, Japan and has been postponed from 2021 to 2022. In this article, Simon Rowe explores Japan’s outdoor adventures in Tottori, Tokushima and Hyogo prefectures – food for thought for those of us dreaming of our next big adventure on two wheels.

Himeji Castle, Hyogo Prefecture


Far from the urban crush and madding crowds of Japan’s great metropolises, the rural hinterland of Honshu beckons travellers with its promise of adventure.

The western Honshu prefectures of Tottori, Hyogo, and Tokushima, on the island of Shikoku, offer a less frenetic way to experience the countryside, blending local charm with culinary traditions and spiritual antiquity, all of which adds up to an authentic taste of Japan.

Mountainous interiors which hide ancient castles, plunging valleys where rustic temples overlook rice fields, and clearwater rivers which run to scenic coastlines; all three of these prefectures share a geography suited to cycling, as well as hiking, fishing, kayaking and surfing — pursuits sure to prove popular during the 10th World Masters Games, to be held in the Kansai region in 2022.

Riders make their way through Kurayoshi, Tottori in a practice event for the World Masters Games.


For those dreaming of their next international cycling adventure in a post-COVID world, a trip to this stunning region is just what the doctor ordered.


Tottori Prefecture: From Mountain to Sea 

Steeped in rural tradition and seafaring spirit, Tottori Prefecture straddles both the rugged Chugoku mountains and the arcing shoreline of the Sea of Japan. And what better place to start a journey from mountain to sea than high on Mount Daisen, an ancient volcano known as the ‘Mountain of the Gods’. Once forbidden to climb without a guiding monk, the trailhead to the 1,729-metre summit is no more than a leisurely hour-long bus ride from the seaside hot spring town of Yonago.

Cool in summer and mist-filled in autumn, Daisen’s forests of giant pine and cedar offer respite from lowland heat. For pilgrims, this is a chance to commune with their ancestors. Follow these jovial, white-dressed journeyfolk with conical hats up a stone stairway, past crumbling stupas and moss-covered Jizo (guardian deity of children and travellers) statues, to Daisen-ji, a 1,300-year-old Buddhist temple. Take your turn to step up to its main pavilion and fan yourself with incense smoke to purify the soul. If you rub the statue of a seated priest, your bodily aches and pains could be relieved.

Nearby temple inns, or shukubo, offer lodging and meals to tourists and pilgrims alike; their Buddhist cuisine, called shojin-ryori, is served by monks who only hours earlier were gathering the ingredients in the forest.



Not far away lies Ogamiyama-jinja Okumiya, reachable by a lantern-lined stone pathway. This Shinto shrine, which deifies the mountain gods, exudes antiquity 1,200 years in the making. Enter its inner sanctum, jiggle the bell to summon the gods, then clap your hands twice and bow for safe travels, if you intend to hike to the 3km trail to the summit. Or, simply buy a colourful amulet for good luck from the shrine counter; they make ideal souvenirs.

Ogamiyama Shrine path


A day spent on Daisen deserves a long soak in one of Yonago’s famed hotel mineral baths overlooking the Sea of Japan. If staying on, you can rent a bicycle in the township and freewheel the Yumigahama Cycling Course all the way to the fishing port town of Sakaiminato. The Kaike Seaside Route affords majestic views of the mountain, leaving little doubt as to why locals call it ‘Mount Fuji of Hoki’ (Tottori’s ancient name).

East of Yonago lies the charming period town of Kurayoshi. Strolling its quaint streets of whitewalled storehouses, sake and soy sauce breweries can be enjoyed wearing the locally produced Kurayoshi kasuri kimono. And while craft beer shops and cafes give cause to linger, the promise of a seafood lunch at the fish market restaurants of Karoichi, further east, is cause to keep moving.

Beyond the hubbub of the seafood trade lie the Sahara-like sand hills of Tottori, the mysterious result of wind and wave action on sediment cast down by mountain streams over millennia. To truly appreciate the origin of your sashimi platter, scale a dune and scan the horizon; Tottori’s fishing fleets are western Japan’s busiest. The dunes are where adventurers from across the world gather for a taste of paragliding, fat bike riding, sandboarding, sand hiking and stargazing. It’s where they also come to paint, observe and capture the moment through their camera lenses. The possibilities the dunes offer are infinite.

But while Tottori’s dunes provide context, the details lie in the intricate sculptures of the nearby Sand Museum. Each year, an international band of talented sand sculptors present exhibits which beguile and amaze.

Sand Museum


RIDE IT: Yonago city to Tottori city (via Kurayoshi) is around 4 to 6 hours by bike

Hyogo Prefecture: Castles in the Air

It’s no secret that Hyogo Prefecture boasts the finest examples of samurai castle architecture in Japan. Yet few venture deep enough into its valley-locked countryside to fully savour their timelessness and legendary role in samurai lore. Of Hyogo’s 1,000 castle sites, two stand out.

Overlooking the lush Ritsuun-kyo valley in central Hyogo, the centuries-old ruins of Takeda Castle stand as testimony to the skill of the feudal stonemasons. Known as Torafusujo, or ‘Sleeping Tiger Castle’, for the feline outline it resembles from a distance, the castle weathered many a siege before being abandoned after the great battle of Sekigahara in 1443 (Muromachi Period) to 1600. On cool mornings, fog gathers in the valley and sets the fortress ramparts ‘afloat’ on a sea of clouds. Then, one can almost hear the shouts and cries of clashing samurai warriors rising from the mist. In spring, the castle’s cherry trees bloom; later, their falling sakura blossoms are said to ‘mirror the short but beautiful life of a samurai’.

Takeda Castle Ruins (Image by Toshihisa Yoshida)


To view the sea of clouds of the Takeda Castle Ruins, it is recommended you stay over in the castle town at Takeda district of Wadayama-cho, Asago city. Guests will enjoy the seasonal dining at the quaint countryside accommodations.

After observing the Takeda Castle Ruins, head to Himeji, which boasts Himeji Castle – the finest castle architecture in Japan.

For 400 years, Himeji Castle has stood sentinel over this midsized city on the shores of the Seto Inland Sea, serving as both abode of lords and princesses in olden times — and recently, as a readymade set for TV samurai dramas, James Bond and G.I. Joe movies. That it never saw a battle nor a siege explains why the ‘White Heron Castle’ remains the best-preserved example of castle architecture in Japan. With eight keeps, 74 watchers and gates, a maze-like layout of lanes and stairways to confuse and entrap the enemy, not to mention moats which now cater to waterbirds and giant carp, a half-day is easily spent exploring its grounds.

Himeji Castle


Costumed samurai and ninja roam this neighbourhood, happy to pose for photos, while rickshaw pullers tout joy rides outside the castle’s impressive arched gate. You can take them up on an offer, or hire your own Hime-chari rental bike at one of the convenient pick-up and drop-offer terminals about the city.

For peace and serenity, the pathways and manicured gardens of nearby Kokoen Garden offer a calm place to enjoy a bowl of matcha green tea and a traditional sweet, served in a traditional teahouse by women in kimono.

If you desire something stronger, then to the Nadagiku Sake Brewery you must go. Brewing since 1910, this small south Himeji company uses rice and freshwater from the Hyogo hinterland. Touring the original brew houses and partaking in a tasting are possible, but the highlight is undoubtedly a lunch of seasonal specialities served in the brewery’s Nishigura restaurant — with sake, of course.

Nadagiku Sake Brewery barrels


Also, the area from Asago City to Himeji City has a mining area called ‘Koseki-no-Michi’ which supported Japan’s modernisation in the Meiji era. Also, Japan’s very first high-speed industrial road, ‘Gin-no-Bashamichi’ still remains in the area as cycling is an ideal choice when exploring the historical significant sites.

RIDE IT: Tottori city (Tottori prefecture) to Asago city (Hyogo prefecture) is around 4 to 6 hours by bike.

RIDE IT: Asago city to Himeji city is about 2.5 to 4 hours by bike


Tokushima Prefecture: The Pilgrims’ Way

In Tokushima, on the island of Shikoku, the main attraction is the temples themselves.

The reason is as much spiritual as aesthetic: 88 official temples comprise a pilgrimage route which circles the island, and for those who complete their journey, ‘enlightenment’ is just reward. Following the ancient pilgrim routes can take up to two months on foot. Thankfully, for time-poor pilgrims and travellers, Tokushima’s modern and efficient transport system allows for casual visits year round.

In southern Tokushima, a Swiss-made gondola carries you high over the valleys of cedar and cypress trees to the mountaintop temple of Tairyu-ji, the ‘Great Dragon Temple’. Twelve hundred years ago, the Buddhist ascetic, Kukai, is said to have perched himself on a rock and performed the Kokuzo — Morning Star mantra — for 100 days under a dragon’s protection. You won’t have time to recite the Kokuzo one million times, but an hour or two spent wandering the Tairyu-ji’s tranquil temple precinct will have a similar meditative effect.

Tairyu-ji and its mountainous surrounds


The Pilgrims’ Way never veers far from the sea, and in southern Tokushima, this means the big swells of Pacific Ocean. Here reside communities, both itinerant and traditional, whose livelihoods are inextricably linked to the sea. Surfboard rental shops and fishing charter businesses await the busy summer months, but even in spring and autumn, there is no such thing as hima, or ‘time off’.

One of the prettiest fishing villages lies on Takegashima, a tiny island accessed by a causeway and located at the southernmost part of Tokushima. Beyonds its port, amidst waters warmed by the northward flowing Kuroshio current, you can fish, sea kayak and swim well into the autumn months.

While the Pilgrims’ Way requires discipline and fortitude, diversions are many.

Kayaking at Takegashima


RIDE IT: Himeji city (Hyogo prefecture) to Tokushima city (Tokushima prefecture) is around 5 to 7 hours by bike. Please note that cycling across the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge is not allowed, so you’ll need to take a ferry to the island.

RIDE IT: Tokushima city to Takegashima (via Tairyu-Ji) is about 4 to 6 hours by bike


Getting there

From Kansai International Airport: Hyogo is less than 2 hours by car, train or bus. Tottori is approximately 4 hours away by car or train. Tokushima is approximately 3 hours by car or bus. (Buses bound for Tokushima are currently suspended.)

Countermeasures against COVID-19 infections have been taken at each destination, and disinfectant solutions for hand disinfection are installed, temperature is measured, staff masks are worn, and social distance between customers is secured. We recommend Tottori · Hyogo · Tokushima as a destination where you can travel with peace of mind.

For more information on each prefecture, see:




For more information on The World Masters Games 2021 which is now postponed to 2022, see

Cyclist Australia/NZ